Jor\ jor\ sirjon bu fuv n* era ar kua koyv npam sesen hujuv zna,okna mnmi hufa riyv moyod apa`nfi riyv sqka foszur zna.
Era ar koa fo tka riyv bar kuti lekage zna.Era kare koa ondv koa kareci era baron ki\ bapage rema sirjn ge muceda .
A*fi barie w[u ar barie roha reya saparub zna hufa reya bareya ova midzeezeya parka hr age zna. Manmi jideken ambv a*fi esu gorj geya neya manmi jid reva wzisuzi jolom zapalom ge zna.sanam manmi hufa ren eta eta jzi kili koa a*fi foszur joka z*gan mena. Abu hoo hufe reya a*fi rpkom leka ze cimin* dahar ze sesena. ena kofo -
ଯୁଗେ ଯୁଗେ ସୃଷ୍ଟି କୁ ବଞ୍ଚାଇ ରଖିବା ପାଇଁ ଘଟିଛି ନାରୀ ପୁରୁଷ ର ମହାମିଳନ । ବିବାହ ଶୃଙ୍ଗାରର ଆଧ୍ୟାତ୍ମିକ ଏବଂ ସାମାଜିକ ସ୍ୱରୂପ ଯାହା ମାନବ ସମାଜରେ ଏକ ଶୃଙ୍ଖଳିତ ପରମ୍ପରା । ନାରୀ ପୁରୁଷ ଗୋଟିଏ ଚଢେଇର ଦୁଇଟି ଡେଣା , ଗୋଟିଏ ମୁଦ୍ରାର ଦୁଇଟି ପାର୍ଶ୍ଵ । ଜଣଙ୍କ ବିନା ଆଉ ଜଣେ ଅସମ୍ପୂର୍ଣ ।
ବିବାହ ଦୁଇଟି ମନର, ଦୁଇଟି ଆତ୍ମା ର ଏବଂ ଦୁଇଟି ଶରୀରର ମହମିଳନ ।ସମାଜ କୁ ପରିବାର କୁ ଶୃଙ୍ଖଳିତ ଓ ମୈତ୍ରୀ ସୂତ୍ର ରେ ବାନ୍ଧି ରଖିବା ପାଇଁ ଏହା ଏକ ଶକ୍ତ ମାଧ୍ୟମ । ସ୍ଥାନ ଜାତି ଏବଂ ସମାଜ ଭେଦରେ ସବୁ ବର୍ଗ ର ବୈବାହିକ ପରମ୍ପରା ଟିକିଏ ଅଲଗା … ଟିକଏ ନିଆରା ।
ନିମ୍ନରେ ‘ ହୋ ’ ସମାଜ ଲୋକ ମାନଙ୍କର ଓ ସଂସ୍କୃତି ର ସମ୍ୟକ ଝଲକ ପ୍ରଦାନ କରାଗଲା
Since ages union of sexes happened to maintain the living world. Male & Female are two feathers of same bird, two parts of a coin. One is incomplete without another. Marriage is a disciplined spiritual and social formation of two living soul. This is noble medium to crystallize family & society in a strong bondage. The marriage system varies from region to region and community to community. Here is the short description of Ho adivasi marriage system.
To continue the blood relation Ho people mostly practice monogamy where as there are also cases of polygamy. They follow the endogamy & exogamy. Ho people are divided into many Kilis (totemic clans) like Alda, Birua, Kerai, Tiyu etc. Same clan or intra-clan marriage as well as marriage within the Haga Kilis are considered social crime. Haga killis are considered to be originated from one Kili at some point of time. They believe to share the same blood. So marriage is prohibited among them. For example Tiyu & Banra are considered as Haga kilis, so marriage between Tiyu & Banra is prohibited. The important aspect of Ho marriage system is widow or a male who lost his wife can remarry easily. It has been going on since long time and no social taboo is attached to it.
Raibar (Mediator) : The Raibar/dutem karji plays important role in uniting two families for marriage. In Ho community generally its groom side who approaches the bride side for initiating new relationship. The Raibar along with few close family members of groom side first visit the bride’s home to see the bride girl and meet family members of bride side. In Ho language it is known as “Owa Duar Nel. Similarly there can be one raibar from bride side. The raibars are medium of communication from both the sides. Their role starts from putting a proposal at girls place to end of marriage. In the entire match making process he is given prime importance in the decision making. So generally a seasoned person is asked to play the role of raibar.
Erey: it is believed in the Ho community that there may be some evil spirits which may create problems and unhappiness in the life the newly married couple. It is symbolically represented through animals, birds, mammals etc. during the visits bride’s place and vice versa from the beginning of marriage process. The eres noticed by both the side on the road are recorded and written on a single sheet. Than “saka” the organic astrologer of the community interprets the incidents recorded by both the parties. The “saka” suggests them the remedial measures. This process of Ere interpretation by the saka is called Ere Pancdayiti in Ho language. Then date and place is fixed for Ere Bonga(Ritual for driving away evil spirit) according to their suitable time.
Place for Ere Bonga –
It is generally performed at the mid-distance from both the houses/village of the family to solve the Ere/mishappenings seen on their way. Interestingly for the Erey Bonga number of members must be Odd from both the sides. The meat of scarified bird or animal during the Ere Bonga is not consumed by the haga killis/ people holding same surname of both the parties. For example if the marriage is between Tiyu and Purty kilis than people from other surname than Tiyu & Purty can eat the meat. The tip of the muli pu: ( photo attached) directed away from the person performing puja.
After successfully completion the entire Ere Bonga process the marriage date is fixed and detailed upcoming events of marriage is discussed by both the parties for smooth functioning. Then both sides prepares for the marriage ceremony.
Customs followed at the Bride’s House:
Tusil – in the Ho tradition prior to 15 days of marriage date, the Bride goes to her relative houses to meet them where she is served with some articles or cuisine. Since she is going to new place and starting new life all together she seeks blessings from her relatives and also some gifts when she visits. She is accompanied by her sasangjuli during the visit. Its also kind of courtesy visit before beginning new relationship.
Sasang Sunum or Haldi lepan –
A week or 5 days before the marriage, Sasang Sunum rituals of the bride takes place. During the process turmeric and oil is applied on the bride’s body. She is made to look beautiful prior to big day of her life. Generally senior women from her family like brother-in laws applies turmeric& oil on her body.
NOTE: After the Sasang Sunum had taken place the Bride is not allowed to go outside her house and remains up to 5 to 7 days at her house before marriage.
Day before Marriage:
At the evening, the bride with her Sasang-Judi preferably one of the young lady relatives sit with her for Sasang Sunum on Jatti (traditional mat).
Marriage day Rituals:
Early Morning water is collected from 7 different houses. The Bride takes bath from the collected water at the Hatiye or the village road sitting on the Sayu.
Same rituals were also followed by the Groom’s family where Groom takes bath by his sister-in-law or hillis.
At the day time, soil is collected to make the ‘Bedi’ sal where the marriage is to be performed and this soil is only collected by lady relatives of the groom.
A small and similar ‘Bedi’ is made at the Bride’s house from where the bride has to be given farewell from her own house.
Arrival of Surtuli from Groom’s house :
……………………………..UNFINISHED ..to be written here Later………………..
(SAKI SUTEM TOL, THE TREAD OF WITNESS TIED IN A TREE)
(Scene of welcome by Groom’s family to the Bride)
The bride is welcomed at the Groom’s house by washing her legs with turmeric water and tulsi leaf and was taken inside the house by the grooms’ sister-in-law or hilis.
Marriage Ceremony at the Groom’s House:
At first the Groom with his Sasang judi sits at the Bedi sal or Marriage mandap for the marriage and diuri performs the Bonga or the Worship. After that, the bride with her Sasang judi sits at the Bedi sal left hand side of the groom. Then the diuri performs the Bonga or the Worship of the marriage.
The Groom then puts Sindoor 7 times by his right little finger on the forehead of the bride.
Similarly, the bride also puts sindoor on the grooms’ forehead by her left hand ring finger. This process is known as ‘Itud Sindoori’ ceremony. The lady relatives sing songs during both side with full enthusiasm during this ceremony. After this, the ‘Sath Ferey’ takes place around the Bedi sal with their tie-knot and followed by other rituals.
After that, the bride and groom along with their Sasang judi are welcomed to the house where four peoples hold a Sasang Sali near the door and hence bride with groom enter and comes out 7 times inside and outside the house. Finally, both newly married Bride and Groom sits inside the house followed by the customs and traditions of the Ho families.
In Ho society Surtuli means Or Era.
Surtuli is the unique tradition of Ho people whose other name is Or Era. In the Ho community the faithful person or the relatives of groom side go to bring the bride girl without the groom. They are called Surtuli. The younger brothers, sisters, kaka, kaki, mamu and dada, hili, other relatives and friends may be part of that Surtuli group. The surtuli entourage is welcomed with music & dance by the bride’s side. Every possible steps is taken give them good hospitality. They bring the bride from her home and the marriage rituals are performed in the groom’s home. The Surtuli team is warmly received at the entry point of the village by the relatives and villagers when they reach.